Posted by Sophie Kuster on Feb 26, 2019. You are allowed to peer through an observation post towards the German trenches a few hundred yards away. All these trenches are protected by wire, mostly barbed, but not altogether so; and as it is the order in the 4th Army to add two yards of depth to one or other of the lines of wire entanglement every week, the result is a perfect sea of wire. Dugouts were created in the sides of the trenches or deeper underground.
But in the trenches the dead are lying all around you.
Frontline trenches were usually about seven feet deep and six feet wide. Trenches were not dug in straight lines. The front-line trenches were also protected by barbed-wire entanglements and machine-gun posts. Skip to primary navigation Skip to content Skip to primary sidebar Skip to footer. Most trench maps only show good detail for the German trenches, perhaps with only a rudimentary indication of the British Front Line, and were the standard maps used in the field.
Trenches formed part of the defenses but not complete lines running across the landscape. View all US History worksheets. Maps have always been vital tools for military commanders, allowing them to form a picture of the terrain for planning attack and defence, but their value rose to greater prominence than ever during the First World War.
The part we were opposite was completed and I was dying to go tonight and find out details and especially how far the new system went and if they were working on it now. What is happening now is precisely what happened last year.
Soldiers also made dugouts and funk holes in the side of the trenches to give them some protection from the weather and enemy fire. The French fire six rounds to the enemy's one. We used to get on the parapet when we got the chance, as it was slow moving down in the water and mud, but the order came through that no one was to walk on top of the parapet. We were always soaked well above the knees, and plastered in mud.
Communication trenches , were dug at an angle to the frontline trench and was used to transport men, equipment and food supplies. Flash-spotting located enemy guns by measuring the time intervals for the flash of light or sound to arrive at carefully selected positions. Finally, there was the reserve zone, containing the artillery, troop reserves, and more defensive trenches.
The Allies soon realised that they could not break through this line and they also began to dig trenches.
The top two or three feet of the parapet and the parados the rear side of the trench would consist of a thick line of sandbags to absorb any bullets or shell fragments. We crawled out slowly, listening, and got right up to the German parapet and reconnoitred their wire. Flash-spotting entailed the observation of gun flashes and the direction of counter-fire onto them, assisted by the 'flash and buzzer board' allowing direct telephone communication between Group Headquarters and survey posts for synchronising observations.
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