Inca rulers made regular pilgrimages to Tiwanaku and the islands of the lake, where two shrines were built to Inti the Sun god and supreme Inca deity, and the moon goddess Mama Kilya.
Stone, R. The distinctive sloping trapezoid form and fine masonry of Inca buildings were, besides their obvious aesthetic value, also used as a recognisable symbol of Inca domination throughout the empire.
The Inca Empire was founded on, and maintained by, force, and the ruling Incas were very often unpopular with their subjects especially in the northern territories , a situation that the Spanish conquistadores , led by Francisco Pizarro, would take full advantage of in the middle decades of the 16th century CE. I focused on capturing clouds, and the ways that sunlight interacted with features of the landscape, particularly stone.
I was struck by the celestial pillars of light projecting down from the sky, and the shadows this light cast on the cobbled walk. Inca architecture includes some of the most finely worked stone structures from any ancient civilization.
The Inca crafted magnificent objects from gold and silver, but perhaps their most striking examples of art were in the form of textiles. More than three quarters of the Peruvian territory lies east of the Andes.
The Incas. The trapeziod form is more common in the north and centre of the empire and one of its optical effects is to make walls seem higher and thicker than they actually are. Nazca Lines The Nazca Lines are an exceptional collection of geoglyphs in the southern desert of Peru. Each block of stone could weigh many tons and they were quarried and shaped using nothing more than harder stones and bronze tools.
Mummies of the emperors were kept in palaces in Cuzco. Religious ceremonies took place according to the astronomical calendar, especially the movements of the sun, moon, and Milky Way Mayu. It is possible that two kings ruled at the same time and that queens may have had some significant powers, but the Spanish records are not clear on both points.
Thupa Inca Yupanqui also known as Topa Inca , Pachacuti 's successor from 1471 CE, is credited with having expanded the empire by a massive 4,000 km 2,500 miles. According to legend, in the beginning, the creator god Viracocha came out of the Pacific Ocean, and when he arrived at Lake Titicaca , he created the sun and all ethnic groups.
At Home with the Sapa Inca: Inca Heritage Quechua, the language of the Incas, is still widely spoken in Ecuador, Bolivia, and northwest Argentina.