Medical monitoring is difficult because of the abnormal skin; electrodes cannot be placed effectively and blood vessels cannot be seen under the skin. J Am Acad Dermatol.
Signs and symptoms This type of ichthyosis often begins in childhood. These infants may have problems maintaining normal levels of electrolytes, especially sodium in their blood. Do you your child have any other skin conditions? What are the signs and symptoms of ichthyosis? Last review date: The scale is usually fine and white.
All types of ichthyosis have a characteristic appearance but as it is a rare condition, diagnosis of the precise type of ichthyosis will usually only be possible at a specialist centre. Most harlequin infants will need one-on-one nursing care for the first several weeks of life. Ichthyosiform erythroderma IE: Overview Ichthyosis vulgaris: The skin often looks like it has fish scales.
Click here to set a cookie on your computer to keep the clinical images open by default throughout the website. All issues pertaining to the care of patients with ichthyosis should be discussed with a dermatologist experienced in the treatment of their skin disorder.
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The other types are rare and include harlequin ichthyosis, lamellar type, and x-linked ichthyosis. Results of genetic tests, even when they identify a specific mutation, can rarely tell you how mild or how severe a condition will be in any particular individual.
While the cause is different in adults, the signs and symptoms are the same as in children. Genetic testing may be recommended if the inheritance pattern is unclear or if you or a family member is interested in reproductive options such as genetic diagnosis before implantation or prenatal diagnosis.
There may be a general presentation in a family or consistent findings for a particular diagnosis, but it's important to know that every individual is different.