How to reduce soil erosion in agriculture

how to reduce soil erosion in agriculture

Loss of fine sand, silt, clay and organic particles from sandy soils serves to lower the moisture-holding capacity of the soil. This effect also occurs in freeze-drying of the soil surface during winter months. Surface water runoff occurs whenever there is excess water on a slope that cannot be absorbed into the soil or is trapped on the surface.

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How to prevent soil erosion

Method 2. Generally, the less the disturbance of vegetation or residue cover at or near the surface, the more effective the tillage practice in reducing water erosion. These include sowing a cover crop, retaining cereal stubble and direct drilling into a stubble mulch. Strip Farming: Crops that provide a full protective cover for a major portion of the year e. Accumulation of soil on the leeward side of barriers such as fence rows, trees or buildings, or snow cover that has a brown colour during winter are indicators of wind erosion.

Soil deterioration and low water quality due to erosion and surface runoff have become severe problems worldwide. Over time, soil surfaces become filled in, and the roughness is broken down by abrasion. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

how to reduce soil erosion in agriculture

If you have any bare ground, try to establish plant cover as soon as possible to limit erosion. Contour Farming: Green - Organic farming accounts for just a fraction of Flemish agriculture, but the sector has slowly been growing in recent years.

Article Info This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry. Subsoil that has been moved from upper-slope positions to lower-slope positions can bury the productive topsoil in the lower-slope areas, further impacting crop development and yield. For best results, close off a paddock for the entire wet season to allow grasses to reestablish themselves.

Build crop rows across the contour of sloped land to slow water. Poor construction practices, inadequate maintenance, uncontrolled livestock access and cropping too close can all lead to bank erosion problems. Cookies make wikiHow better.

4 Tactics to Prevent Farmland Soil Erosion

Wind erosion can be severe on long, unsheltered, smooth soil surfaces. An agricultural production challenge Encyclopedia Article. Erosion is the loss of soil. MH Mary Hall Feb 12, 2017.

how to reduce soil erosion in agriculture

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