You might think it's remarkable that a machine powered by liquid can hurl you down the highway or speed you through the sky many times faster than you could otherwise travel.
It's mounted inside the car's air intake so, as it spins, it draws air into the car and forces it into the cylinders. The essence of a turbocharger: However, in practice, an engine fitted with a turbocharger is much smaller and lighter than an engine producing the same power without a turbocharger, so a turbocharger car can give better fuel economy in that respect. A turbocharger is effectively two little air fans also called impellers or gas pumps sitting on the same metal shaft so that both spin around together.
More power for the same engine size sounds wonderful, so why aren't all engines turbocharged? More From Technology. Manufacturers can often now get away with fitting a much smaller engine to the same car such as a turbocharged V6 instead of a V8, or a turbocharged four-cylinder engine instead of a V6.
How early turbochargers eventually overcame their teething troubles.
HP Books, 1987. Alfred J.
You can see a single cylinder yellow and piston, crank, and connecting rod red on the left. It uses the exhaust gas to drive a turbine. More to explore on our website...
US Patent 4,083,188: Today's Top Stories. Motorbooks International, 2004.
The exhaust is a mixture of hot gases pumping out at speed and all the energy it contains—the heat and the motion kinetic energy —is disappearing uselessly into the atmosphere. Hot, compressed air from the compressor passes through the heat exchanger, which cools it down.
It's obvious exhaust fumes cause air pollution , but it's much less apparent that they're wasting energy at the same time. Motorbooks International, 2007.
Why Ford Made a New 7. That's why a turbocharged car can produce more power which is another way of saying "more energy per second". For simplicity, we're showing only one cylinder. As the cylinders blow hot gas past the fan blades, they rotate and the shaft they're connected to technically called the center hub rotating assembly or CHRA rotates as well.
One reason is that the fuel economy benefits promised by early turbochargers didn't always turn out as impressively as manufacturers eager to seize any marketing advantage over their rivals liked to claim. Exhaust gas from the cylinder feeds around a pipe green that drives a turbine.
Tyroola's site lets users explore a cutaway of a supercharged V6 and a turbocharged inline-four in 360 degrees, with key components and airflow all cleanly indicated.
Waste gas from the cylinder exits through the exhaust outlet.